Myrna Parra Mantilla


Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Nicolás Carreón Vega was born in Villa Aldama, Chihuahua, México, in 1933 [in 1995, the Mexican Congress changed the name from Villa Aldama to Ciudad Aldama]; as the eldest of the family, upon his father’s death he began working in the fields when he was only eight years old; he learned about the Bracero Program in 1953 and came to the United States.

Summary of Interview

Mr. Carreón briefly recounts his childhood; he focuses on his time in the United States as a bracero from 1953 until the mid 1960s; he discusses work contracts and the possibilities under which a mica card could be obtained; he worked in the cotton fields of Texas and New Mexico, the beet fields of Colorado, and on ranches in Arizona as well; while working in Artesia, New Mexico, he caught pneumonia and was hospitalized for a month; in 1955, he worked without a contract in Pecos, Texas, was caught and sent to jail; in 1958, the cotton field he worked was flooded so he and others were sent elsewhere to finish out their contracts.

Date of Interview


Length of Interview

35 minutes

Tape Number

No. 963

Transcript Number

No. 963

Length of Transcript

16 pages

Interview Number

No. 963

Terms of Use



Interview in Spanish.