Luis Zamudio


Anaís Acosta


Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Luis Zamudio was born on November 4, 1938, in Moroleón, Guanajuato, México; he is one of seventeen children, though nine died at a young age; he had formal schooling until the sixth grade; at age eleven, he began to work with his father in the fields; he joined the Bracero Program in 1957, and worked in Arkansas, California and Texas; there he picked cotton and lettuce.

Summary of Interview

Mr. Zamudio recalls his childhood in Moroleón, Guanajuato, México, and how he started working with his father in agriculture at age eleven; he states that, at age eighteen, he joined the Bracero Program; as a bracero he worked in Arkansas, California and Texas picking cotton and lettuce; additionally, he remembers what life was like in the bracero camps, how they had to cook their own food, and the hardships they endured in the fields; he describes how he renewed his contract, and the treatment he received from foremen; furthermore, he details how he was able to secure residency in the United States after the program was terminated, and how he returned to California to work for the company that helped him get his papers; he concludes by stating that he is now retired after working thirty-seven years for a glass factory, and that he is very grateful for the opportunities he received due to the Bracero Program.

Date of Interview


Length of Interview

53 minutes

Tape Number

No. 1109

Transcript Number

No. 1109

Length of Transcript

40 pages

Interview Number

No. 1109

Terms of Use



Interview in Spanish.