Antonio Góntiz


Mireya Loza


Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Antonio Góntiz was born on December 19, 1918, in Morelia, Michoacán, México; he was one of eleven children; his mother was a housewife and his father was a school teacher; he was formally educated through the sixth grade; his father was a teacher and later owned several movie theaters; he joined the Bracero Program in 1943 and worked for a meat packing company in Chicago; additionally, Mr. Góntiz Aguilar worked for the Burlington railroad company in Galesburg, Illinois; his last bracero contract was in 1945.

Summary of Interview

In 1943, Mr. Góntiz, decided to enlist in the bracero program and went through the contracting center in Morelia, Michoacán, México; he mentions going through the health inspection station in Uruapan, Michoacán, México; as part of the process, he was medically examined and vaccinated by American doctors; he goes on to detail the transportation conditions, provisions, duties, payments, remittances, treatment, friendships, correspondence and recreational activities; his main duties included clearing the tracks of snow and straightening the railroad ties; he continued working without documentation after his contract ended; he was sent to a place the braceros called la California, he was released, and sent to El Paso, Texas; he was deported to Querétaro, México; in 1975, he emigrated to the United States; his overall memories of the program are positive.

Date of Interview


Length of Interview

55 minutes

Tape Number

No. 1085

Transcript Number

No. 1085

Length of Transcript

19 pages

Interview Number

No. 1085

Terms of Use



Interview in Spanish.