# Surface plasmon polaritons and waveguide modes at structured and inhomogeneous surfaces

#### Abstract

In chapter 1, properties of a p-polarized surface plasmon polariton are studied, propagating circumferentially around a portion of a cylindrical interface between vacuum and a metal, a situation investigated earlier by M. V. Berry (J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 8, (1975) 1952). When the metal is convex toward the vacuum this mode is radiative and consequently is attenuated as it propagates on the cylindrical surface. An approximate analytic solution of the dispersion relation for this wave is obtained by an approach different from the one used by Berry, and plots of the real and imaginary parts of its wave number are presented. When the metal is concave to the vacuum, the resulting dispersion relation possesses a multiplicity of solutions that have the nature of waveguide modes that owe their existence to the curvature of the interface. In chapter 2, the reduced Rayleigh equation for the scattering of a surface plasmon polariton incident normally on a one-dimensional ridge or groove on an otherwise planar metal surface is solved by a purely numerical approach. The solution is used to calculate the reflectivity and transmissivity of the surface plasmon polariton, and its conversion into volume electromagnetic waves in the vacuum above the metal surface. The results obtained are compared with those of earlier calculations of these quantities. In chapter 3, the results of the previous chapter are extended to the scattering of a surface plasmon polariton incident non-normally on a one-dimensional ridge or groove on an otherwise planar metal surface. As before, the reflectivity and transmissivity of the surface plasmon polariton are calculated, and its conversion into volume electromagnetic waves in the vacuum above the metal surface. In chapter 4, the dynamics of the scattering of surface plasmon polariton (SPP) pulses are investigated theoretically, by single nanoscale metal Gaussian defects through a rigorous calculation of the time dependence of the reflected and transmitted SPP and of the angular distribution of the scattered light.

#### Subject Area

Nanoscience|Electromagnetics|Optics

#### Recommended Citation

Polanco, Javier, "Surface plasmon polaritons and waveguide modes at structured and inhomogeneous surfaces" (2013). *ETD Collection for University of Texas, El Paso*. AAI3609499.

https://scholarworks.utep.edu/dissertations/AAI3609499