Fabrication and Characterization of Iron-Based Catalysts for the Dehydrogenation of Fossil Fuels

Victoria Isabel Reyes, University of Texas at El Paso


For a prosperous and sustainable future, hydrogen is an encouraging solution due to its simple transition for industrial decarbonization and synergy for economic development. Paradoxically, current hydrogen production pathways release substantial amount of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere contributing to climate change. To keep up with increasing demand, hydrogen could be produced through microwave-assisted thermocatalytic dehydrogenation of fossil fuels without emitting carbon dioxide. This requires specified catalysts to meet the requirements of hydrogen yield and selectivity. The objective of the present research is to fabricate, characterize, and compare iron-based alumina (FeAlxOy) catalysts produced via solution combustion synthesis and iron-based catalysts on silicon carbide support (Fe/SiC) produced via incipient wetness impregnation. Heat mode, fuel type, and oxidizer mole ratio were varied for FeAlxOy catalysts, and metal loading was varied for Fe/SiC catalysts. Each resultant product was characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy, laser diffraction particle size analysis, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis. Characterization suggests that fabrication of iron-based alumina nanocomposites through solution combustion synthesis in a muffle furnace using citric acid as the fuel yields the most promising catalyst.

Subject Area

Mechanical engineering|Nanoscience|Alternative Energy

Recommended Citation

Reyes, Victoria Isabel, "Fabrication and Characterization of Iron-Based Catalysts for the Dehydrogenation of Fossil Fuels" (2022). ETD Collection for University of Texas, El Paso. AAI30241096.