Publication Date



Technical Report: UTEP-CS-24-14


Recent experiments with fish has shown an unexpected strange behavior: when two fish of the same species are placed in an aquarium, they start following each other, while when three fish are placed there, they form (approximately) an equilateral triangle, and move in the direction (approximately) orthogonal to this triangle. In this paper, we use natural symmetries -- such as rotations, shifts, and permutation of fish -- to show that this observed behavior is actually optimal. This behavior is not just optimal with respect to one specific optimality criterion, it is optimal with respect to any optimality criterion -- as long as the corresponding comparison between two behaviors does not change under rotations, shifts, and permutations.