Publication Date



Technical Report: UTEP-CS-21-84


Predictions are usually based on what is called laws of nature: many times, we observe the same relation between the states at different moments of time, and we conclude that the same relation will occur in the future. The more times the relation repeats, the more confident we are that the same phenomenon will be re-peated again. This is how Newton's laws and other laws came into being. This is what is called inductive reasoning. However, there are other reasonable approaches. For example, assume that a person speeds and is not caught. This may be repeated two times, three times -- but here, the more times this phenomenon is repeated, the more confident we become that next this, he/she will be caught. Let us call this anti-inductive reasoning. So which of the two approaches shall we use? This is an example of a question that we study in this paper.