Publication Date



Technical Report: UTEP-CS-20-103


Data analysis has shown that if we want to describe the wave pattern by a single characteristic, the best characteristic is the average height of the highest one third of the waves; this characteristic is called significant wave height. Once we know the value of this characteristic, a natural next question is: what is the highest wave that we should normally observe -- so that waves higher than this amount would be rare ("rogue"). Empirically, it has been shown that rogue waves are best defined as the ones which are at least twice higher than the significant wave height. In this paper, we provide a possible theoretical explanation for these two empirical facts.