Publication Date



Technical Report UTEP-CS-07-11


The hidden states of objects create a barrier to designing and generating test data automatically. For example, the state of an object has to be established indirectly through a sequence of method invocations. For a non-trivial class, however, it is extremely unlikely that a randomly-chosen sequence of method invocations can construct an object successfully, as each invocation has to satisfy the state invariants. Nonetheless, automated random testing can reduce the cost of testing dramatically and has potential for finding errors that are difficult to find in other ways because it eliminates the subjectiveness in constructing test data. We propose a new approach to generating test data automatically for Java classes annotated with JML specifications. The key idea behind our approach is to construct an object incrementally in that each method call in the sequence is checked before the next call is chosen. We use JML's runtime assertion checker to check the validity of a method invocation. Other ingredients of our approach include object pooling and object equivalence checking. These are to increase the probability of constructing feasible call sequences and to remove redundancy among the successfully-built sequences. We have implemented our approach for JET, a fully-automated testing tool for Java, and our experiment with JET showed a promising result, 10 to 200% increase in the number of generated test cases.