Nutritional management for gestational diabetes
Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Gestational diabetes mellitus is defined as diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. Untreated or persistent maternal hyperglycemia may have a negative effect on the pregnancy. Medical nutrition therapy, physical activity, self-blood glucose monitoring, and, if necessary, pharmacological therapy are strategies used in the management of gestational diabetes. The nutrition prescription consists of an individualized and culturally appropriate meal plan that promotes adequate nutrition, appropriate weight gain, and normoglycemia. Optimal blood glucose in gestational diabetes is key to improving outcomes not only during pregnancy but also in the future of the mother and her child.