Border health: Inequities, social determinants, and the cases of tuberculosis and HIV
Social Justice in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region
© 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. All rights reserved. The US-Mexico border region attracts migrants from Mexico and Latin America who seek economic opportunities through relocation to the United States. These goals are not always achieved once they arrive in the region, thus creating populations that are displaced and vulnerable. Further, when poor people migrate into developed countries, there is an increased risk for adverse health outcomes. An example is the association between the distributions of TB and HIV with social disparities and access to medical care and treatment. The trend in public health research along the border has increased focus on an individual's behavior while deemphasizing the social determinants of disease. This chapter includes a description of the social determinants of health and health outcomes prevalent along the border, the case of TB and HIV with appropriate or lack of structural interventions, and recommendations for policy.