Hydrogen physisorption in a Cu(II) metallacycle
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
The interaction of molecular hydrogen with a novel microporous dinuclear Cu(II) complex, [bis-μ-di(4-pyridyl)methanol-1,4,7-triazacyclononane copper(II)] triflate (1), and its derivatives formed from oxidation and solvent removal was studied with 2H NMR and density functional theory (DFT). The Cu-complex 1 was characterized with X-ray diffraction methods and consists of a dinuclear macrocycle that forms one-dimensional channels of 9.55 Å in diameter. 2H NMR studies of deuterium gas adsorption by 1 suggest that physisorption condensation of D2 occurs within two distinct microenvironments: in the interior and in-between the microtubular structures. The assignment of NMR resonances to specific adsorption sites is supported by spectral decomposition and analysis of the line widths and integrated signal intensities of the components. The dynamics of the system are probed by spin-lattice relaxation time measurements and spectral hole-burn experiments as a function of temperature and pressure. NMR and DFT calculations suggest that hydrogen uptake is mediated through interactions with the Cu(II) centers via dipole-ion interactions. © 2010 American Chemical Society.