Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
My Dissertation provides a critical review of religious imperialism and how it affected the Spanish speaking Catholic people of New Mexico following the U.S. invasion of 1846. It does so by exploring New Mexicoâ??s unique early nineteenth century Catholic religiosity led by the Hermandad de Sangre de Cristo (Brotherhood of the Blood of Christ), a lay organization more pejoratively known as Los Penitentes. It examines their struggles to adapt to the changing circumstances brought on by institutional racism of the Territorial Period, Protestantism, and a more vigilant institutional Catholic Church imposed from the U.S. Diocese of Baltimore. I argue that the collective memory of the Spanish speaking Catholic people of New Mexico â?? in regards to the Hermandad and their traditional socio-religious practices â?? became so distorted by the work of the institutional Church that by the twentieth century membership in the organization diminished dramatically. Membership in the Hermandad began to be associated with â??bad men,â?? and nuevomexicanos became embarrassed of the Brotherhood resulting in the eventual dissipation of their traditional Christian practices.
Received from ProQuest
Eloy John Garcia
Garcia, Eloy John, ""La Hermandad de Sangre de Cristo": Church, Community, and Change in New Mexico: 1848-1912" (2017). Open Access Theses & Dissertations. 651.
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