Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy
Environmental Science and Engineering
Concern over the extent and sources of heavy metals exposure has arisen worldwide since their significant effects have been discovered in the environment. There is general agreement that research is needed to examine the residual lead and its association to heavy metals contamination in soil and quantify the health hazards. This research was directed to quantify and document the geographic distribution of lead and associated heavy metals concentration in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Lead, cadmium, chromium, zinc, and copper were selected to analysis. The soil samples used in this research were collected during a previous Encountors Binational Community Lead Study (RO1ES 11367; 2001-2006. The composite surface soil samples were taken from municipal blocks around 50 strata that were randomly selected. Within each stratum, 10 blocks were randomly selected. The samples were prepared for analysis by X-ray fluorescence. The general procedures of EPA method 6200 for field portable XRF were followed for preparation of the samples, with slight modification. These included grinding, mixing, pressing, and homogenization. 496 soil samples were analyzed in this study. Statistical analyses were conducted to explore the relationship between lead and associated heavy metals. Additionally, geographic information system techniques (GIS) were used to create a detailed colored map of metals concentration. The soil lead concentration levels were recorded, ranging from 12.6 to 550.3 ppm, with the mean concentration values recorded for lead was 42.8 ppm. Soil chromium concentration levels recorded for chromium ranged from 1.8 to 75.6 ppm; with mean concentration values recorded for chromium was 32.1 ppm. Soil copper concentration levels recorded for Cu ranged from 6.3 to 547.3 ppm; with mean concentration values recorded for Cu was 22.3 ppm. Soil zinc concentration levels recorded for chromium ranged from 20.7 to 415.8 ppm; with mean concentration values recorded for chromium was 83.7 ppm. Soil cadmium concentration levels recorded for cadmium ranged from 0.1 to 6.2 ppm; with mean concentration values recorded for cadmium was 1.9 ppm. Soil antimony concentration levels recorded for antimony ranged from 2.7 to 28.8 ppm; with mean concentration values recorded for Sb was 5.8 ppm.
Received from ProQuest
Samia Elfituri Grimida
Grimida, Samia Elfituri, "Lead And Associated Heavy Metal Distribution In Ciudad Juarez, Mexico" (2013). Open Access Theses & Dissertations. 1635.