Myrna Parra-Mantilla


Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Eulalio Hernández Guzmán was born in Cusihuiriachi, Chihuahua, México, in 1931; his father worked in the fields, and his mother passed away when he was only six years old; because there were a limited number of teachers in the town, he only attended school for three years; in 1952, he was hired as a bracero; he worked in the cotton fields of Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, the beet fields of Colorado and Montana, and the corn fields of Wyoming.

Summary of Interview

Mr. Hernández went to Chihuahua, Chihuahua, México, in the hopes of being hired as a bracero; he had to wait for two weeks before he could actually begin the hiring process; he and other braceros were given vaccinations, but none of them were ever told what the immunizations were for; his first work contract took him to Wyoming; he was transported there by airplane; he recalls that the trip took seven hours and that it was very noisy; as a result of the trip, he developed an ear ailment for which he was never medically treated; he remembers that in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, workers could obtain fake work permits for only $4.00.

Date of Interview


Length of Interview

41 minutes

Tape Number

No. 974

Transcript Number

No. 974

Length of Transcript

27 pages

Interview Number

No. 974

Terms of Use



Interview in Spanish.