Elías García Venzor


Myrna Parra-Mantilla


Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Elías García Venzor was born in Gran Morelos, Chihuahua, México, in 1925; his parents passed away when he was only seven years old; in 1950, he learned about the Bracero Program; he was married and had children at the time; he worked in the cotton and beet fields of Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado.

Summary of Interview

Upon entering the United States, Mr. García was sent to Rio Vista, a processing center in Socorro, Texas, where he was given a physical exam; those who were sick or physically unable to work were sent back to México; he worked for about ten or eleven years as a bracero; his four brothers were also braceros; his worst experience was when he worked in Pecos, Texas, because he earned very little money for very difficult work there; the living conditions were also difficult because there were between 200-300 braceros per barracks; because they had no showers, they filled steel tanks with water and left them outside to be warmed by the sun; he was unaware of any medical services; his best working experience was in Colorado, where he earned up to $500.00 for forty-five days of work.

Date of Interview


Length of Interview

41 minutes

Tape Number

No. 972

Transcript Number

No. 972

Length of Transcript

22 pages

Interview Number

No. 972

Terms of Use



Interview in Spanish.