Myrna Parra-Mantilla


Bracero Oral History

Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee

Juan de Dios Estrada López was born in Rancho Rosas, Municipio de General Trías, Chihuahua, México, in 1929 [in 1993, the Mexican Congress changed the name of this Municipio to Santa Isabel]; upon his father’s passing, he began working on ranches at the age of ten; in 1954, he moved to the city of Chihuahua where he learned about the Bracero Program; he worked in the cotton fields of Texas and New Mexico and the beet fields of Colorado and Nebraska.

Summary of Interview

Mr. Estrada recalls a recruitment/processing center for braceros in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, México, called El Trocadero; the hiring process there was easier if your name was already on the county’s list; another center for braceros was located in Dell City, Texas; ranchers came here and hired braceros; legal and illegal workers were hired at the same time, but illegal workers received fewer wages; in their free time, the workers would go to the movies; sometimes the ranchers would give them rides on their planes for $2.00.

Date of Interview


Length of Interview

45 minutes

Tape Number

No. 969

Transcript Number

No. 969

Length of Transcript

28 pages

Interview Number

No. 969

Terms of Use



Interview in Spanish.