Bracero Oral History
Biographical Synopsis of Interviewee
Carlos Rosario was born on September 11, 1928, in Mazatepec, Morelos, México; he was the youngest of three brothers; his father was a sacristan at their local church; he worked sowing rice and driving herds from an early age; in 1955, he joined the Bracero Program; he worked in California and Texas picking cotton, grapefruits, green beans, lemons, oranges, and strawberries.
Summary of Interview
Mr. Rosario recalls growing up Mazatepec, Morelos, México in a catholic household; he remembers sowing rice and driving herds from an early age; in 1955; he joined the Bracero Program; he describes how the hiring process was conducted, how he had to pay bribes to be placed on the selection list, and the long train trip he took to the contracting center at Empalme, Sonora, México; additionally, he states that he worked in California and Texas picking cotton, grapefruits, green beans, lemons, oranges, and strawberries; furthermore, he details daily activities on the farms, the housing braceros had, the food they prepared, the curfews they were given, and the treatment they received from foremen; he explains the different kinds of contracts they had, what they had to do when their contract expired, and how the rehiring process was done; moreover, he states what braceros did during weekends, and how they celebrated Mexican holidays; he also recounts what visits from representatives of the Mexican consulate were like; to conclude, he presents what he did after the program was terminated, how his life changed after being a bracero, and his positive memories of that time.
Date of Interview
Length of Interview
Length of Transcript
Interview with Carlos Rosario Rosario by Violeta Domínguez, 2002, "Interview no. 1041," Institute of Oral History, University of Texas at El Paso.