Conflict Minerals: 3TG Minerals and Low-Scale Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Existing literature on resource curse and conflict minerals tends to focus on violent events that result in large amounts of fatalities. These studies seemingly exclude from their analysis populations which experience violence at less fatal levels, like sexual violence, violence against protestors, and child-labor. This thesis studies the relationship between 3TG minerals (tin, tungsten, tantalum, gold) and “low-scale violence” fatalities in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This study defines low-scale violence (LSV) as violence which results in no more than 24 fatalities per event. In contrast, high-scale violence (HSV) results in 25 or more fatalities per event. Through quantitative analysis using Ordinary least squares (OLS) and negative binomial regression, I am able to show that the relationship between 3TG mines and LSV fatalities is statistically significant. Additionally, I tested the relationship between 3TG mines and HSV, and 3TG mines and total fatalities, also finding statistical significance.
Political science|Mineralogy|Environmental Health|Statistics
Maldonado, Jesus Tlaloc, "Conflict Minerals: 3TG Minerals and Low-Scale Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo" (2023). ETD Collection for University of Texas, El Paso. AAI30522318.