Publication Date



Technical Report: UTEP-CS-19-84


In the first approximation, the shape of our Galaxy -- as well as the shape of many other celestial bodies -- can be naturally explained by geometric symmetries and the corresponding invariances. As a result, we get the familiar shape of a planar spiral. A recent more detailed analysis of our Galaxy's shape has shown that the Galaxy somewhat deviates from this ideal shape: namely, it is not perfectly planar, it is somewhat warped in the third dimension. In this paper, we show that the empirical formula for this warping can also be explained by geometric symmetries and invariance.