Process to Estimate Permit Costs for Movement of Heavy Trucks on Flexible Pavements
A process based on a mechanistic-empirical (ME) analysis was developed to estimate permit fees on the basis of truck-axle loading and configuration as well as the predicted pavement deterioration that they cause. The process was implemented in a software package, Integrated Pavement Damage Analyzer (IntPave). IntPave is a finite element-based program that calculates pavement responses, uses ME distress models to predict performance under any type of traffic load, is capable of comparing the level of distress caused by a heavy truck relative to a standard truck, and accordingly provides a permit fee. On the basis of a parametric study, it was found that, aside from the truck gross vehicle weight and axle configuration, pavement structure and the damage threshold to rehabilitation also heavily affect the permit fee.